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Makkah al-Mukarramah

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1 Masjid al-Haraam

The Holy Ka'aba. The House of Allah and the birth place of Imam Ali b. Abi Taalib [a]

Hajar al-Aswad (The Black Stone)

Maqam Ibrahim

Hijr Ismail. This was the location of the house of Prophet Ismael [a]. He and his mother are buried here. He denied access to anyone because he did not like it to be walked on. Other prophets are buried in this place also. According to Imam Baqir [a], the place between Rukn and Maqam is full of graves of the Prophets. According to Imam Sadiq [a], seventy prophets are buried between Rukn al-Aiman and Hajar al-Aswad

Well of Zamzam

Mizabe Rahmah: the golden trough (water channel) between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn Shami


Mustajar: This is just before Rukn Yamani whilst walking from Rukn Shami to Rukn Yamani. It has also been defined as the area between the Black Stone (hajar al-aswad) and the door of the Ka'aba

Mutaawadh or Multazam: The place between Rukn Yamani and the Black Stone (hajar al-aswad)

Hatwim. According to the book "Adabul Haramain", this is the place between the door of the Ka'aba and Hajar al-Aswad. It is called Hatwim "the smasher" because it smashes major and minor sins of one who seeks forgiveness here. It is said that this is the place where Adam [a] was forgiven. According to the book ""Umra & Ziyarat", this is the place where Prophet Ismail, his mother and many other prophets are buried. See Hijr Ismail above.

Rukn al-Aiman (the right-hand side corner of the Ka'aba).This is opposite the Black Stone behind the House. The Prophet [s] said "Whenever I come at this point, I find Jibril is already there before me." Imam al-Sadiq [a] said: "Rukn al-Aiman is our gate to Paradise". He also said: "In this place is one of the doors of Paradise that has never been closed since it was opened. There is a river from Paradise in which deeds of the servants are dropped." Also called Rukn al-Junubi. It comes before the Black Stone corner.

Rukn Shami/Gharbi. This is the corner of the Ka'aba that comes after Hijr Ismail

Rukn al-Sharqi. This is the corner where Hajar al-Aswad rests.

Rukn al-Shimali / Iraqi. This is corner that comes after the Ka'aba's door before one reaches Hijr Ismail.

Mount Safa. When going to Safa for Sa'y, use the same door that the Prophet [s] used, which is Bab as-Safa, opposite the Black Stone.

Mount Marwa


2 Jannat al-Mualla (Cemetery in Makkah)

Also known as Al-Hajun. The Prophet [s] used to visit it frequently. It is the 2nd holiest graveyard after Baqi. Those buried here include:

Abd Manaf: Great, great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Hashim: Great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Abdul Muttalib: Grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Amina: Mother of the Holy Prophet [s]

According to another source, Amina is buried in Abwa (between Makkah and Madina) - where the 7th Imam [a] was born

Grave of Abu Talib: Father of First Imam Ali [a]

Grave of Khadija: First wife of the Holy Prophet [s] and mother of Sayyida Fatima [a]

Qasim: son of the Holy Prophet [s] who died in his infancy

Amongst the famous scholars buried in the graveyard of Hajun are:

Marhum Agha Mirza Muhammad al-Istrabadi - author of Rijal al-Kabir wa Ayat al-Ahkam

Sayyid Mir Muhammad Mu'min al-Istrabadi author of Al-Ruj'a. He lived near Makkah

Sayyid al-Shahid Mir Zeinul Abideen al-Husseini al-Kashani. He was martyred in Makkah and buried in a grave he had chosen himself in the graveyard of Mu'alla. He was amongst those who laid the foundation of the House after it was demolished.

Sheikh Muhammad son of the author of Al-Maalim. His grave lies near the grave of Khadija [a]

Ibn Sheikh Muhammad - buried beside his father. Used to take a lot of care in matters concerning Ihtiyat (caution) and fear of Allah


3 Jabal Nur. The mount on which the Cave of Hira is found

4 Cave (ghar) of Hira

The cave where the Holy Prophet [s] used to meditate frequently during the first forty years of his life. This is also the place he received the first revelation

5 Cave of Thaur

The cave where the Holy Prophet [s] hid from his enemies when migrating to Madina

6 Birth Place of the Holy Prophet [s]

Situated near "Suq Lail". Presently a library by the name of "Maktaba Makkah al-Mukarramah"

7 The house of Khadija [a] and birth place of Fatima [a]

This is where the Prophet [s] lived until he migrated. It is where Khadija [a] died and where Fatima [a] was born. It is also the place where the Meccans had planned to kill the Prophet [s] on the night of Hijrat and Imam Ali [a] slept in his place. It is a place where Jibrail used to descend with revelations from Allah

8 House of Ibrahim [a], the son of the Holy Prophet [s] who died in infancy

9 House of Abu Talib [a], father of Imam Ali [a]

10 Masjid Jin

11 Masjid Bilal

12 Mount Abu Qubais

Near this is the place where the Prophet [s] performed the miracle of splitting the moon in two

13 Saraf

About two farsakhs from Makkah. Maimuna, wife of the Prophet [s], is buried here

14 Feel

Near Makkah. Abdullah b. Ismail b. Badhee's grave is at "Feel". He was amongst the companions of the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Imams, peace be upon them

15 Fakh

Another place for ziyarat is the graveyard of the Martyrs of Fakh. Fakh is the name of a place which used to be Miqat-e-Swibyaan. In this place, about a hundred people from the descendants of Fatima [a] lost their lives in the hands of the puppets of Musa al-Hadi al-Abbasi. Muhadith al-Qumi quotes the 9th Imam al-Jawad [a] as having said that after Taf there had been no other fatal and destructive battle like the one of Fakh. Du'bal also mentions Fakh in one of his poems

16 Useful Maps for Pilgrims to Makkah & Madinah

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