Al Baqi Cemetery

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Al Baqi Cemetery

 

 Al Baqī'

Al Baqī' is a cemetery in Medina, and located to the southeast of the Masjid al-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque). Literally “Al-Baqi” means a tree garden. It is also known as “Jannat Al-Baqi” due to its sanctity, since in it are buried many of our Prophet's relatives and companions.

 

 Jannatul Baqi

 

The Mosque of the Prophet is in the background

 

On 8th Shawwal, Wednesday, in the year 1345 AH (April 21, 1925), mausoleums in Jannatul Al-Baqi (Madina) were demolished by King Ibn Saud. In the same year (1925), he also demolished the tombs of holy personages at Jannat al-Mualla (Makkah) where the Holy Prophet's mother, wife, grandfather and other ancestors are buried.

Al-Baqi before the demolition

Mausoleum containing the bodies of Imam Hasan, Imam Sajjad, Imam Baqir and Imam Sadiq

(Peace be upon them) and Abbas the uncle of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon them), prior to its destruction

 

Al-Baqi was razed to the ground, with no sign of any grave or tomb whatsoever. This happened despite protests by the international Islamic community.

 

Mausoleum containing the bodies of Imam Hasan, Imam Sajjad, Imam Baqir and Imam Sadiq 

(Peace be upon them) and Abbas the uncle of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon them), prior to its destruction

 

The graves of four Imams and Abbas after destruction

 

Kin of The Holy prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him)

Imam Hasan ibn Ali, grandson of Prophet Muhammad, son of Fatimah and Imam Ali.
Imam ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn, known as Zayn al-Abidin, grandson of Fatima Zahra who is the only adult male that survived the Battle of Karbala because he was sick and could not fight. He was the fourth Shia Imam.
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, son of ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn, the fifth Imam according to Shia
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq, son of Muhammad al-Baqir, the sixth Imam according to Shia. Teacher of Jābir ibn Hayyān, Nuʿmān ibn Thābit, Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi'i, Malik ibn Anas, and Abu Hanifa
·         All of the wives of Muhammad, except Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, who is buried in Jannatul Mualla in Mecca

Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad is purportedly buried there, though the location of her grave is disputed.
Ibrahim, Muhammad's son by Maria al-Qibtiyya, died in infancy
The daughters of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him), Ruqayyah, Zainab and Umme Kulthum Fatima bint al-Asad, aunt of Muhammad and mother of Caliph Ali; other aunts including Safiya and Aatika
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammad.
Fatima bint Hizam, known as Umm ul-Banin, who married Caliph Ali after the death of Fatimah; mother of four children including Abbass ibn Ali who died defending Hussain ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala and Al-Abbas ibn Ali, Husayn ibn Ali, Uthman ibn Ali, Abdullah ibn Ali and Jafar ibn Ali.
Abdullah son of Jaffar e Tayyar, who was husband of Zainab, daughter of Ali and nephew of Ali and father of Aun and Muhammad (martyrs of Karbala).
Aqeel ibn Abu-Talib; the elder brother of Ali.
Haleemah Sa’diya, the wet-nurse of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him)
Other notable figures

Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad and third Sunni Caliph. Uthman ibn Affan was at first buried in a Jewish graveyard behind Al-Baqi', but later Muawiyah I extended Al-Baqi' to include Uthman.
Uthman Bin Mazoun, companion of Muhammad
Malik ibn Anas, Islamic jurist
Abdullah bin Mas’ood
Abu Saeed Khudri
Some martyrs of Uhod Battle
Mohammad Hayya Al-Sindhi, scholar
Imam Shamil, Muslim leader and freedom fighter from the Caucuses
Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy, scholar
Idris of Libya, King of Libya
Hasan as-Senussi, Crown Prince of Libya
Muhammad Zakariya Kandhalawi,Author of Fazael-e-A'maal
Shaukat Ali Hayat, Islamic scholar

 

 

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